Wine and oil were first imported into the Gauls by the Greeks and Romans. After the Roman conquest, olive and wine growing spread rapidly and the farmers of the Midi were able to flood the Roman Empire with their wine. If olive growing remained confined to Provence and Languedoc for climatic reasons, wine growing spread to the Three Gauls, Germania and even Great Britain, at the beggining of the High Empire. Over the last twenty years, archaeology has revealed numerous wine and olive farms, confirming the fundamental economic importance of wine and oil during Antiquity. After three previous books on the subject, this book concludes a comprehensive study of a new approach to the history of wine and oil civilisations. It provides an alphabetical bibliography of the publications cited, and indexes that allow rapid orientation in the four volumes.